Hydrobromic acid is a strong acid formed by dissolving the diatomic
molecule hydrogen bromide (HBr) in water. "Constant boiling" hydrobromic
acid is an aqueous solution that distills at 124.3 °C and contains
47.6% HBr by weight, which is 8.89 mol/L. Hydrobromic acid has apKa of
−9, making it a stronger acid than hydrochloric acid, but not as strong
as hydroiodic acid. Hydrobromic acid is one of the strongest mineral
Hydrobromic acid is mainly used for the production of inorganic bromides, especially the bromides of zinc, calcium, and sodium. It is a useful reagent for generatingorganobromine compounds. Certain ethers are cleaved with HBr. It also catalyzes alkylation reactions and the extraction of certain ores. Industrially significant organic compounds prepared from hydrobromic acid include allyl bromide, tetrabromobis(phenol), and bromoacetic acid.